WASHINGTON (AP) — U.S. companies got slightly more out of their workers this spring after scaling back on hiring. The modest 1.6 percent annualized gain in productivity from April through June signals employers may need to hire more if demand picks up.
The Labor Department said Wednesday that the increase followed a 0.5 percent decline in the January-March quarter, less than first estimated.
Productivity is the amount of output per hour worked. Rising productivity can boost corporate profits, but also slow job creation because it means companies are getting more from their current staff and don't need to add workers. Still, there are limits to how much companies can get from their existing work forces.
Productivity is increasing at a relatively weak pace. It is up only 1.1 percent compared to a year ago. Since 1947, productivity gains have averaged 2.2 percent a year. So companies may need to hire more workers if they see only modest gains in productivity and more demand for their products.
"In the near term, is unlikely that firms will be able to increase output much further without proportional increases in hiring," said Erik Johnson, an economist at IHS Global Insight. "Maxing out the efficiency of their existing workforces would typically encourage firms to hire more workers," he added, though he cautioned that the economy "is on shaky footing right now."
Labor costs rose 1.7 percent. That's below the first quarter's 5.6 percent increase, a much bigger gain than first estimated. In the past year, however, labor costs rose only 0.8 percent. That's a sign employees aren't getting big raises and indicates inflation will likely remain tame.
One reason productivity improved is that hiring slowed in the second quarter. Employers added an average of only 75,000 jobs a month from April through June. That's down from an average of 226,000 a month in the first quarter.
The total amount of time U.S. workers spent on the job rose only 0.4 percent. That's down from 3.2 percent in the first quarter. Continued...