BEIJING (AP) — China's four-point plan for Syria is a rare foray into international mediation for the rising power, a sign that Beijing's increasingly global economic interests can trump its traditional hands-off diplomacy.
Outgoing President Hu Jintao, in his agenda-setting report this week at a Communist Party gathering to choose the coming decade's leadership, signaled China's intent to step out more on the world stage.
Hu said China would "get more actively involved in international affairs, play its due role of a major responsible country," while underlining Beijing's deep sensitivity to matters of sovereignty and its rejection of "any foreign attempt to subvert the legitimate government of any other countries."
China's foreign minister introduced the plan for a political solution to the Syria conflict to U.N.-Arab League special envoy to Syria, Lakhdar Brahimi, during his visit to Beijing last week.
It calls for a phased, region-by-region cease-fire; the appointment of representatives to negotiate a political resolution while maintaining "the continuity and effectiveness of Syria's governmental institutions;" international support for Brahimi's efforts; and steps by the international community to ease the country's humanitarian crisis.
The U.N. has welcomed the effort, but there hasn't been much international discussion of it. Observers have found it vague, and likely aimed at bolstering China's reputation following criticism of its moves to join Russia in blocking U.N. resolutions aimed at ending Syria's bloodshed, including calls for Syrian leader Bashar Assad to step down.
China's proposal leaves open the possibility of Assad staying on in a power-sharing agreement, and does not significantly add to past peace plans that have failed.
"But then this statement isn't so much about setting forward a concrete proposal for action as about the messaging that underpins it," said Sarah Raine, a consulting fellow for Chinese foreign and security policy at the International Institute for Strategic Studies. "It has become increasingly clear that Beijing is worried about the reputational damage its relative intransigence on Syria has been doing to other important relationships, in particular in the Middle East."
The 20-month crisis in Syria pitting Assad's government forces against a fractured opposition has so far defied the trend of other Arab Spring uprisings that have seen authoritarian leaders ousted, exiled or killed. Assad is determined to stay in power and has vowed never to leave Syria, leaving world leaders to look for a solution. Continued...