Two Congolese militia leaders sent child soldiers and other fighters to wipe out a village in a revenge attack that left more than 200 men, women and children dead, a prosecutor told judges Tuesday at the International Criminal Court.
"Some were shot in their sleep, some cut up with machetes to preserve bullets. Others were burned alive after their houses were set on fire," Luis Moreno Ocampo said in his opening statement.
The two alleged commanders, Germain Katanga, 31, and Mathieu Ngudjolo, 39, both pleaded not guilty to three crimes against humanity and seven war crimes, including murder, rape, sexual enslavement and pillage.
Defense attorneys for the men denied their involvement and called on judges to investigate the role of Ugandan and Congolese authorities in the massacre.
It was only the tribunal's second trial since it began operations in 2002. The first case, of alleged Congolese warlord Thomas Lubanga who is accused of recruiting child soldiers, started in January.
Prosecutors say Katanga and Ngudjolo led two mobs of child soldiers and older fighters armed with automatic weapons, machetes and spears to destroy the village of Bogoro in Congo's mineral-rich Ituri province on Feb. 24, 2003. Many of the victims were hacked to death.
The village was strategically located on a crossroad and was the base of a rival militia known as the UPC, which was led by Lubanga.
Moreno Ocampo said the attack went far beyond a legitimate military campaign to become revenge for earlier UPC attacks.
"The plan was to wipe out Bogoro," he said. "Destroy not only the UPC camp but the whole village."
But Ngudjolo's defense attorney, Jean-Pierre Kilenda, blamed the attack on Ugandan forces who were occupying Ituri and wanted to root out the UPC after an alliance between the two groups soured.
"It could be said that the plan to throw the UPC out of Bogoro was hammered out by the highest authorities in Uganda and Congo," he said.
Katanga and Ngudjolo both sat impassively as Moreno Ocampo outlined his case, accusing their soldiers also of raping women and forcing others into marriage or sexual slavery. Continued...